Impact of Interventions
Pratham conducts/ facilitates assessment at three levels:
Facilitated by Pratham, the Annual Status of Education Report is the largest household survey of children done in India each year by people outside the government. ASER data is used to measure the performance of a state on enrollment and learning levels. Following a common sampling plan and a common set of tools, in each district, a local group conducts the survey, disseminates the findings as well as actively looks to improve the educational situation in the district.
While ASER serves as a measure and reference for government education programs, it is also an external measure of Pratham’s programs where Pratham is working state wide, in partnership with the government. The data helps us to review the performance of each state across different years. It helps the state program team to formulate new programs and/or strengthen/realign existing programs. To view the ASER data for different states click here
2. Randomised Evaluations:
All our interventions, targeted at enhancing the learning levels of children, are assessed through pre, mid and post intervention evaluations. Before initiating any intervention, the children are tested on their age and grade specific reading and arithmetic levels. Based on their performance they are grouped into 5 categories. For the reading component, children are categorized into those who cannot read, those who can read only letters, those who can read words, those who can read a paragraph and those who can read a story. For arithmetic, the levels are those who cannot read anything, those who can recognize numbers, those who can add, those who can subtract and those who can divide. In the middle of the intervention the same test is repeated to judge the progress and make changes in the program if required and in the end to assess the impact of the program. To see graphs for an illustration of this example, click here
3. External evaluation
: We also encourage evaluations by external resource persons and agencies.
The Abdul Lateef Jameel Poverty Action Lab of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology(MIT) has reviewed several of our programs. References to some of these studies are provided on the right side.
Recently, the flagship program Read India was evaluated by an external joint mission review organized by the Hewlett Foundation. It was set up to assess the programs. The commission comprised of donors, government officials and educationists. They spent 10 days travelling to 6 different states to evaluate the impact of Read India after one and a half year of it’s operations. A complete report of the evaluation is currently being prepared and will soon be available.